Cloud environments are highly complex, and there are several security issues that are difficult to discover using existing cloud security measures. Here are a few examples of security gaps that penetration testing can help discover and remediate.
Failure to secure the client’s part of the shared responsibility model
AWS uses a shared responsibility model, which states that the cloud customer is responsible for securing workloads and data. In many cases organizations have poor visibility over their security responsibilities in the cloud.
Missing authentication, permissions, or network segmentation
Many AWS resources do not have multi-factor authentication, do not use network segmentation (via AWS security groups), or provide excessive permissions. It can be difficult to identify these assets in a large cloud deployment.
Organizations subject to compliance standards such as HIPAA, SOX, PCI DSS, etc. need to ensure that AWS resources meet their compliance requirements. This makes it important to perform internal audits of cloud assets, identify and remediate their security weaknesses